English & American Crochet

Spread the love
  • 29

For the longest time I was so afraid of English crochet terms that I simply avoided using English patterns altogether….

While I am English, I learned to crochet on the internet which is predominantly American, and with so many American resources out there everything I learned was using American crochet terms. Despite that I didn’t feel held back by this, the difference between them is so simple that you may as well learn it and benefit from the knowledge. I was encouraged along by the fact that some friends who knew me very well bought me some crochet books for my birthday, and these were all in English crochet! So to help me along I made myself a little ‘cheat sheet’ bookmark until I got the hang of it.

The difference between english and american crochet terms and how you can remember them
My little cheat sheet

And to be honest, it wasn’t long before I didn’t need it anymore!

So what is the difference?

Each stitch is named the ‘next size up’ stitch to American crochet. So an American Single Crochet is bumped up to a Double Crochet for English. An American Double Crochet is a Treble in English. Of course this is where we run out of places to go so an American Treble is an English Double Treble. Simple really, but just incase you can’t quite remember, here’s a quick check guide to help you along:


So how do we know if we are working in English or American crochet?

Well often the pattern creator will say, especially if they use English terms. Sometimes they won’t however but there are a few things you can look out for to help you along:

  • Single Crochet: If there is a single crochet anywhere in the pattern then it is definitely American because English has no single crochet.
  • Guage: American patterns use guage while English use tension
  • Miss: Using miss a skip rather than skip a stitch is another sign that you’re reading an English pattern.


So don’t be like me! Learn the difference and give an English pattern a go!


  1. Margaret says:

    Thank you for a very clear & understandable description between UK & USA trems as I learned UK being from the Isle of Man self taught from pictures when very young my best work is if I just make it up as I go, patterns seem to confuse me sometimes. Once again I thank you. Margaret 😊

    1. You’re very welcome! I’m glad I could help ❤️

  2. American trying to relearn crocheting that I did years ago. Thanks for explaining the different stitches. My project is crocheting baby booties for an infant. Another different is American crochet needles are fghj sizes while English are in numbers 4.3 of which I don’t understand at all.

    1. Hi Myra that is a very good point about crochet hooks being labelled differently and I think I may have to make an updated post to highlight this difference. The English numbers refer to size of the hook in millimetres so the smaller the number, the smaller your hook. I hope this helps 🙂

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.